Senegal is a coastal and Sahelian country with a wide range of rural areas, hosting unique and diverse species. The coastlines and deltas are characterized by highly productive marine ecosystems and are hotspots for large populations of fish. Fishes are critical to maintain ecosystem functions and services, including food provision and creation of jobs for the fishing industry. However, Senegal coastal ecosystems face numerous environmental issues linked to human activities. Solid scientific knowledge on how environmental stress affects biodiversity in the region is in urgent need to guide mitigation strategies aimed at conserving biodiversity and promoting sustainable economic growth. Biodiversity has traditionally been quantified as the number of species in each ecosystem, thus failing to account for the ecological role that species play within ecosystems.
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