REVIEW: Ants as tools in sustainable agriculture – Offenberg – 2015 – Journal of Applied Ecology – Wiley Online Library

, REVIEW: Ants as tools in sustainable agriculture – Offenberg – 2015 – Journal of Applied Ecology – Wiley Online Library, TheCircularEconomy.comWith an expanding human population placing increasing pressure on the environment, agriculture needs sustainable production that can match conventional methods. Integrated pest management (IPM) is more sustainable, but not necessarily as efficient as conventional non‐sustainable measures.  Being predatory and organized as superorganisms, ants possess traits making them suitable agents in IPM. Recent works on weaver ants Oecophylla spp. showcase ants as highly efficient pest controllers. A synthesis shows that weaver ants can reduce pest numbers and their damage and increase yields in multiple crops. Their efficiency is comparable to chemical pesticides or higher, while at lower costs. They provide a rare example of documented efficient conservation biological control.  

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