The circular economy: Challenges of turning waste into profit

A recent workshop in Gdansk, Poland, as part of the BONUS RETURN project showcased technological innovations centred around nutrient recovery and reuse in the Baltic Sea region and discussed what’s needed to develop the sector. The phrase “reduce, reuse, recycle and recover” summarizes the idea behind the circular economy. Collaboration between companies or sectors aimed at symbiosis – where waste or waste by-products become a resource for something else – is central to business models that help build a circular economy.


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